Note: In the catalog which follows, bold type indicates a full entry. Plain type indicates a short entry, which may occur under another manuscript.
Moscow. Catalog number: University 2.
2138 contains the Acts, Epistles, and Apocalypse. It has a few slight lacunae (e.g. 1 John 2:7-17). 2138 is written on parchment, with one column per page.
Dated by its colophon to the year 1072.
Note: Family 2138 is the name that Amphoux offers for a large group of manuscripts having a very distinct text of the Acts and Catholic Epistles. The name is slightly deceptive -- Family 2138 is actually a separate text-type (at least in the Catholic Epistles) not merely a family, and 2138 is not the earliest representative of the type (the Harklean Syriac is). Nor does 2138 always have the family text (in Paul, 2138 is mostly Byzantine). But I have adopted the name for consistency with Amphoux.
Now for the details on 2138:
Aland and Aland list 2138 as Category III in the Acts and Epistles and V in the Apocalypse. Von Soden describes it as Ic1 in the Acts and Epistles and K in the Apocalypse. In the Johannine Epistles, Richards lists it as the best representative of his A1 group (which Richards describes as having an Alexandrian text, but in fact his A1 is Family 2138). Amphoux places it at the head of Family 2138 in the Catholics. Wachtel puts it in the Hkgr family, another name for Family 2138.
The analysis of Amphoux, Richards, and Wachtel are clearly correct as far as the Catholic Epistles is concerned. 2138 is the oldest and one of the best representatives of the family which bears its name. It should not, however, be considered the ancestor of the type. Family 2138 is fairly large (Amphoux lists as primary witnesses 206, 429, 522, 614, 1108, 1292, 1448, 1505, 1518, 1611, 1758, 1799, 1831, 1890, 2138, and 2495; Wachtel offers 206, 429, 522, 614, 630, 1292, 1490, 1505, 1611, 1799, 1831, 1890, 2138, 2200, 2412, and 2495. Richards confirms the results for 206, 614, 1611, 1799, 2138, and 2412; I have verified them for 206, 429, 522, 614, 630, 1505, 1518, 1611, 1799, 2138, 2412, and 2495). The Harklean Syriac also goes with this type. It can be shown that the family falls into various subgroups (2138+1611, 614+2412, 630+1799+2200, 1505+2495). Since the other groups preserve certain family readings not found in 2138 and 1611, it follows that the group is earlier (and less Byzantine) than 2138. It is, in fact, older than the Harklean Syriac, since the Harklean also lacks many characteristic readings of the family. It thus appears that Family 2138 is an early text-type. Amphoux equates it with the "Western" text, but this is rather doubtful based on the results in Paul.
It appears that Family 2138 also exists in the Acts, and includes many of the same witnesses as in the Catholics. In Acts, however, the family is somewhat less striking. Its best-known representative, 614, has often been labelled "Western" -- but here, again, the evidence is somewhat weak. (See also the entry on 614.)
A distinct group of Family 2138 witnesses also exists in Paul, but here the name is deceptive, since 2138 -- which in these books is largely Byzantine -- appears to abandon it. The remaining texts are 1505, 1611, 2495, probably 2005, and a portion of 1022 (Pastorals, Hebrews), plus of course the Harklean Syriac. The family is much more Byzantine than in the Acts and Epistles. It is worth noting that this family does not show any demonstrable affiliation with the D-F-G text. Thus there is no reason to believe that Family 2138 is "Western."
The following offers a brief summary of information about the various members of Family 2138 in Paul. Note: Von Soden also classifies 1518, 1108, 2138, and 1245 with the Ic1 group -- but 1518 is lost, 1108 and 1245 seem to be mixed, and 2138 has at best a weak family text in Paul; they are therefore omitted from the table pending better information.
|1022||XIV||Baltimore||Walters Art Gallery MS. 533||Kx||Contains the Acts and Epistles with minor lacunae. Contains a Family 2138 text only in the Pastorals and Hebrews; elsewhere it is Byzantine (the Alands do not classify 1022, but Richards places it in his group B4 in the Catholics). A collation was published by K. W. Clark.|
|1505||XII||Athos||Lavra B' 26||(Kx)||Colophon claims a date of 1084, but Colwell has shown this is false. Contains the Gospels, Acts, and Epistles. The Alands list it as Category III in the Acts and Epistles, V in the Gospels. Wisse confirms that it is Byzantine in the Gospels (Kx and Kx Cluster 281; paired with 2495, which pairs with 1505 in the Acts and Epistles as well).|
|1611||X (earlier dated XII)||Athens||National Library 94||Ic1||Acts, Epistles, and Apocalypse with lacunae. Earliest and best Greek manuscript of the family in Paul. Rated Category III by the Alands (but II in the Apocalypse, where von Soden groups it with Andreas!).|
|2005||XIV||Escorial||Psi III 2||Ic1||Contains the Acts and portions of Paul (2 Corinthians-Hebrews). Rated Category III for Paul by the Alands. Not properly studied, and may not be a member of Family 2138, but scattered readings in von Soden imply that it probably goes with this text at least in part.|
|2495||XIV/XV||Sinai||St. Catherine's Monastery Gr. 1992||Contains the entire New Testament with minor lacunae. Very close to 1505 but slightly more Byzantine; it may possibly be a descendent of 1505. Wisse reports that it also goes with 1505 in the Gospels (Kx and Kx Cluster 281; paired with 1505). The Alands rate it "Category III with reservations" in Paul.|
The following offers a brief summary of information about the various members of Family 2138 in the Catholics. The column "Identified by" lists the scholar(s) who have associated the manuscript with Family 2138.
|206||XIII||London||Lambeth 1182||Ib1||Amphoux, Richards, Wachtel||Contains the Acts and Epistles with lacunae. 2 and 3 John and Jude are not Family 2138; they come from another hand (dated XIV) which also supplied Acts 1:1-12:3, 13:5-15. 206 is listed as Category III by the Alands in the Catholics; V elsewhere. Originally from "a Greek island" (Scrivener). Like 429, 522, 630, and 2200, it belongs to Family 1739 in Acts.|
|429||XIV||Wolfenbüttel||Herzog August Libr. 16.7 Aug. Ao||Ib1||Amphoux, Wachtel||Contains the Acts and Epistes in the hand of one George; the Apocalypse was added by a later (XV) hand. The Alands list it as Category III in the Acts and Catholics; V in Paul and the Apocalypse. Von Soden lists it as K(1) in the Apocalypse. Like 206, 522, 630, and 2200, it belongs to Family 1739 in Acts.|
|522||1515||Oxford||Bodleian Library, Canon. Gr. 34||Ib1||Amphoux, Wachtel||Complete New Testament, "written by Michael Damascenus the Cretin for John Francis Picus of Mirandola" (Scrivener). Rev. 2:11-23 are lost. The Alands list 522 as Category III in the Acts and Catholics; V in the Gospels, Paul, and Apocalypse. Von Soden lists it as Kx in the Gospels and Ib in the Apocalypse. It has the Euthalian prologues but evidently not the text. Like 206, 429, 630, and 2200, it belongs to Family 1739 in Acts.|
|614||XIII||Milan||Ambrosian Libr. E 97 Sup||Ic2||Amphoux, Richards, Wachtel||Contains the Acts and Epistles (missing Jude 3-end). Pairs with 2412 (the Alands, who rate 614 as Category III, consider them sisters; Clark thought 2412 might be 614's exemplar; it is perhaps most likely that 614 is a niece or grand-niece of 2412). Commonly linked to the "Western" text in Acts -- although this cannot be considered conclusively proved.|
|630||XIV||Rome||Vatican Libr. Ottob. Gr. 325||Ib||Wachtel||Contains the Acts and Epistles (lacking Acts 4:9-5:1). Pairs with 2200 throughout and and probably with 1799 (in the Catholics only); also (at a greater distance) with 206, 429, 522. The Alands list as Category III, but the text in fact varies widely. In Acts it, like 206, 429, 522, and 2200, belongs to Family 1739 (with significant Byzantine mixture). The early epistles of Paul are also mixed Family 1739; in the later epistles it is entirely Byzantine. In the Catholics it is one of the best Family 2138 groups.|
|1108||XIII||Athos||Esphigmenu 64||Ic1||Amphoux||Contains the Acts and Epistles with lacunae. Identified by Von Soden as Family 2138 in Paul as in the Catholics, but evidence for this is weak. Not classified by the Alands, which probably indicates that it has, at best, a weak family text.|
|1292||XIII||Paris||National Libr. Suppl. Gr. 1224||Amphoux, Wachtel||Contains the Gospels, Acts, and Epistles. The Alands list 1292 as Category II in the Catholics and V elsewhere. Listed by the von Soden as Ik in the Gospels and Kx in Paul. Wisse describes it as weak Pb in Luke 1 and Kx in Luke 20.|
|1448||XI||Athos||Lavra A' 13||Amphoux||Contains the Gospels, Acts, and Epistles. The Alands list 1448 as Category III in the Catholics and V elsewhere. Listed by Von Soden as Kx (?) in the Gospels; Wisse describes it as Cluster 127. Wachtel does not consider it to be a true member of Family 2138, but lists it (along with 1852) as being in the "Umfeld" of the family, implying that it is somewhat akin.|
|1490||XII||Athos||Lavra A' 65||Kr||Wachtel||Contains the Gospels, Acts, and Epistles. Not classified by the Alands or Wisse.|
|1505||XII||Athos||Lavra B' 26||(Kx)||Amphoux, Wachtel||Colophon claims a date of 1084, but Colwell has shown this is false. Contains the Gospels, Acts, and Epistles. Pairs with 2495. The Alands list it as Category III in the Acts and Epistles, V in the Gospels. Wisse confirms that it is Byzantine in the Gospels (Kx and Kx Cluster 281; paired with 2495).|
|1518||XIV||Ic1||Amphoux||Lost (formerly at Lambeth Palace in London; may be the same as 1896). Contained the Acts and Epistles (missing Acts 7:52-8:25).|
|1611||X (earlier dated XII)||Athens||National Library 94||Ic1||Amphoux, Richards, Wachtel||Acts, Epistles, and Apocalypse with lacunae. Pairs with 2138, although it seems to be later and inferior. Rated Category III by the Alands (but II in the Apocalypse, where von Soden groups it with Andreas!).|
|1758||XIII||Lesbos||Limonos 132.||Ib1||Amphoux||Contains the Acts, Epistles, and Apocalyse with lacunae. Not classified by the Alands.|
|1799||XII/XIII||Princeton (N.J.)||Univ. Libr. Med. a. Ren. Ms. Garrett 8||Amphoux, Richards, Wachtel||Acts and Epistles with lacunae. Seems to go with 630 and 2200 in the Catholics. In Paul it has a mostly Byzantine text, with a very few readings of other sorts, plus lectionary incipits. Not classfied by the Alands; von Soden lists it as a gospels manuscript!|
|1831||XIV||Athens||National Libr. 131||Ib1||Amphoux, Wachtel||Contains the Acts and Epistles with lacunae. Not classified by the Alands.|
|1890||XIV||Jerusalem||Taphu 462||Amphoux||Contains the Acts and Epistles. Not classified by the Alands. Wachtel notes that it belongs to Hkgr (family 2138) in James and 1 Peter, but is largely Byzantine in the other epistles.|
|2138||1072||Moscow||Univ. 2||Ica||Amphoux, Richards, Wachtel||Contains the Acts, Epistles, and Apocalypse. Von Soden classified the Apocalypse as K. The Alands list it as Category III in the Acts and Epistles and V in the Apocalypse. 2138 pairs with 1611 (though 2138 is the better of the two). It is the best and (except for the Harklean Syriac) earliest manuscript of Family 2138, but is not the ancestor of the others; the 2138+1611 group has some Byzantine corruptions not found in the 614+2412, 630+1799+2200, and 1505+2495 groups.|
|2200||XIV||Elasson||Olympiotisses 79||Ib||Wachtel||Contains the entire New Testament. Pairs with 630 in the Acts and Epistles; also with 1799 in the Catholics. Von Soden classifies it as Kx in the Gospels; Wisse lists it as Kx/Kmix/Kx. Geer classifies it (like 630, and also 206, 429, and 522) with Family 1739 in Acts. The Alands classify it as Category III in the Acts and Epistles, V in the Gospels and Apocalypse.|
|2412||XII||Chicago||University of Chicago Libr. MS. 922||Richards, Wachtel||Contains the Acts and Epistles, missing Rom. 13:4-15:26, Hebrews 13:7-16. Heb. 12:28-13:6 was written by a later hand over an erasure. Pairs with 614 (the Alands list them as sisters, both belonging to Category III; Clark offers the possibility that 2412 is the exemplar of 614). K. W. Clark, who published a collation, describes it as "neat and plain, and fairly well preserved."|
|2495||XIV/XV||Sinai||St. Catherine's Monastery Gr. 1992||Amphoux, Wachtel||Contains the entire New Testament with minor lacunae. Very close to 1505 but slightly more Byzantine; it may possibly be a descendent of 1505. Wisse reports that it also goes with 1505 in the Gospels (Kx and Kx Cluster 281; paired with 1505). The Alands rate it "Category III with reservations" in Paul and "higher" for the Catholics.|
Other Symbols Used for this Manuscript
von Soden: a116
Barbara Aland with Andreas Juckel, Das Neue Testament in Syrischer Überliefung I collates 2138 (along with 1505, 1611, and 2495) against the Harklean Syriac in James, 1 Peter, and 1 John.
Editions which cite:
Cited in UBS4 for the Catholic Epistles.
Cited by Von Soden, Merk, and Bover for the Acts and Epistles, but the citations are not overly accurate.
C.-B. Amphoux, "La Parenté textuelle de syh et du gr. 2138 dans Jacques," Biblica 62.
C.-B. Amphoux, "Quelques témoins grecs des formes textuelles les plus anciennes de l'Epître de Jacques: le groupe 2138 (ou 614)" New Testament Studies 28.
Saint Petersburg, Russian National Library Greek 222. Soden's e1222. Contains the Gospels; Matthew 1:1-9:28 being lost. Dated by its colophon to 1144/1145, and written by a scribe named John. Textually the manuscript contains several interesting features; the first hand lacks the story of the Adulteress, which was added by a later hand. In addition, the title page of Mark contains a sort of summary of Mark 16:9-20. Von Soden classified 2145 as Io (other manuscripts of this type being U X 213 443 1071 1321(part) 1574). Wisse describes it as M1195 in Luke 1 and 10 and Kx in Luke 20. Other members of M1195 include 293 1195 1589 2200(part) 2549(part). The Alands do not assign 2145 to a Category; this seems to imply that 2145 is not purely Byzantine, but is much more Byzantine than anything else.
Elasson. Catalog number: Olympiotisses, 79.
Contains the entire New Testament. 2200 is written on paper, one column per page.
Dated paleographically to the fourteenth century.
In the Gospels, von Soden grouped 2200 with Kx. This concurs with Aland and Aland (who place it in Category V) and for the most part with Wisse, who places it in Kx in Luke 10 and 20, although he classifies it as M1195 in Luke 1.
In the Apocalypse, the Alands place it in Category V. It belongs to the main K group (headed by 046).
2200 is much more interesting in the Acts and Epistles, where the Alands promote it to Category III and von Soden places it in Ib. We can, however, be more detailed. Wachtel places it in the Hkgr (family 2138) group in the Catholic Epistles. Geer places it among the members of Family 1739 in the Acts. Within family 1739, 2200 is closest to 630 (a fact confirmed by both the Alands and Geer).
This kinship continues in Paul. The apparatus of UBS4 lists 396 readings for 2200. 630 exists for 392 of these. And the two manuscripts agree in 378 of these 392 readings (96%; by comparison, 2200 agrees with L -- a typical Byzantine manuscript -- 80% of the time, and with 1739 61% of the time). Even more amazingly, 630 and 2200 agree in all 54 of their mutual non-Byzantine readings. The following table lists their disagreements, with comments:
|Verse||2200 reads||630 reads||Comment|
|Rom. 10:1||tou Israel estin||autwn||2200 Byzantine; 630 with 1739|
|Rom. 14:19||2200*vid diwkomen||diwkwmen||630 2200** Byzantine|
|Rom. 15:24||Spanian||Spanian eleusomai pros umas||630 Byzantine; 2200 with 1739|
|1Co 4:17||Cristw||Cristw Ihsou||2200 Byzantine; 630 with 1739|
|1Co 11:15||dedotai||auth dedotai||2200 Byzantine; 630 with 1739|
|1Co 15:49||foreswmen||foresomen||2200 Byzantine (with 1739); 630 with 6 1881|
|1Co 15:54||otan de to qnhton... aqanasian||otan de to fqarton...aqanasian||630 Byzantine; 2200 with 1739*|
|1Co 15:55||nikos pou sou adh to nikos||kentron pou spu adh tou nikos||630 Byzantine; 2200 subsingular|
|2Co 1:10||oti kai eti||oti kai||2200 Byzantine|
|2Co 1:11||hmwn||umwn||2200 Byzantine|
|2Co 12:1||kaucasqai dh||kaucasqai dei||Byzantine text divided|
|Gal 4:7||qeou dia Cristou||dia Cristou||2200 Byzantine; 630 subsingular|
Thus it will be seen that 2200 and 630 are extremely close in both Acts and Epistles. (It is interesting that they are also of the same century). Based on the above, it would appear that neither is the ancestor of the other. The two are probably cousins, descended from the same ancestor with one or two intermediate stages. This means that 2200's text is closely comparable to 630's: Weak Family 1739 in the Acts; weak family 1739 in Romans-Galatians; purely Byzantine in Ephesians-Hebrews; Family 2138 in the Catholic Epistles.
Other Symbols Used for this Manuscript
von Soden: d414
Editions which cite:
Cited in UBS4 for Paul.
Thomas C. Geer, Jr., Family 1739 in Acts (Society of Biblical Literature Monograph Series, 1994). Consists mostly of tables comparing manuscripts 206, 322, 323, 429, 453, 522, 630, 945, 1704, 1739, 1891, 2200. The analysis is flawed, but the results are generally valid.
Chicago. Catalog number: University of Chicago Library, MS. 972.
2427 contains the Gospel of Mark (only).
2427 is written on parchment, one column per page. Paleographers looking at the writing have dated the manuscript to the fourtheenth century.
Because 2427 came to light relatively recently, and because it contains only Mark, few attempts have been made to classify it. The only comprehensive classification to include it is that of the Alands, who rate it Category I.
Despite the limitations of the Alands' methods, this seems to be formally a correct evaluation. 2427 is unquestionably the least Byzantine and most strongly Alexandrian of the minuscules of Mark. It is, in fact, the strongest ally of Vaticanus in that book; it seems to stand in almost the same relationship with B as B has with P75 -- i.e. the same sort of text, with a slight mixture of other readings which have arisen over time. Samples indicate about an 80% rate of agreement with B; the only substantial difference is that 2427 includes 16:9-20. 2427 is not nearly as close to the other Alexandrian witnesses.
The above circumstances have left 2427 under something of a cloud. It is certainly reasonable to ask how a fourteenth century minuscule could have fewer Byzantine readings than any other manuscript more recent than the fourth century! So there were many who have doubted its authenticity. This has led to further examinations, of various types. Mary Virginia Orna, Patricia L. Lang, J. E. Katon, Thomas F. Mathews, and Robert S. Nelson, in "Applications of Infrared Microspectroscopy to Art Historical Questions about Medieval Manuscripts" (Archaeological Chemistry, 4 (1988), pp. 270-288) find that one of the illustrations contain a chemical with a cyanide (-CN) group. The only known pigment containing a cyanide group is Prussian Blue (KFe[Fe(CN)6]) -- first commercially produced by Diebach in around 1704. The chemical is complex, and rather dangerous to create, so chances are strong (though it's not quite certain) that a painting containing it dates from the eighteenth century or later. (Thanks to Wieland Willker for bringing this to my attention.)
On the other hand, the parchment appears old (though it has not, as of now, been examined in detail with modern methods), and the writing is also somewhat weathered. It's hard to know what to make of this. If genuine, 2427 should be considered among the leading Alexandrian witnesses. If a forgery (and the evidence does perhaps point in that direction), what was the purpose? Is it possible that the illustrations are later than the manuscript itself? Or could they have been retouched?
And chemical arguments have certain dangers. For example, it has been maintained that the presence of titanium dioxide in ink implies recent creation. But it has now been shown that titanium dioxide does occur in older inks.
It appears that the answer has finally been found. Stephen C. Carlson informs me, in a private communication to be published in 2006, that 2427 appears to have been copied from the New Testament edition of Philipp Buttmann, published 1860. This in turn was largely based on Cardinal Mai's edition of Vaticanus. It is widely and correctly stated that Mai's edition of B is very bad -- but it is genuinely an edition of B, just an error-filled one. This, note, explains both the similarity of 2427 to B and its significant divergences.
That of course leaves the task of figuring out the history of the manuscript. But if the manuscript was made in the nineteenth century -- perhaps, if we wish to be generous, by someone who wanted a manuscript with a very old text -- this would also explain the manuscript's weathered look.
Aland & Aland (1 page)
Editions which cite:
Cited in NA27.
Cited in UBS4.
Cited in SQE13.
Patmos. Catalog number: Joannu 742.
Originally contained the Acts and Epistles. The largest part of Acts has been lost; the manuscript begins in chapter 19. In Paul, 2464 lacks Rom. 11:29-16:10, the Pastorals, Philemon, and Hebrews 7:2-14, 9:20-10:4, 10:19-end. In the Catholics, the manuscript ends in 3 John; Jude has been lost. 2464 is written on parchment, with one column per page in the Gospels and two columns per page elsewhere.
Originally dated to the tenth century, NA27 lowers this to the ninth century (probably based on the claim by F. J. Leroy that 2464 is from the same pen -- that of Nikolaos Studites -- as the dated ninth century minuscule 461. Aland and Wachtel do not concede this claim, but allow that "2464... comes from the same time and probably even the same scriptorium as the Uspenski Gospels [=461]").
The basic run of the text is late Alexandrian, but heavily mixed. Romans is almost purely Byzantine. Even in the remaining books it appears that about half the original Alexandrian readings have been replaced by Byzantine. 2464 has few striking readings; its readings are usually supported by a large number of Alexandrian witnesses.
Aland and Aland list 2464 as Category II. It is the author's opinion that this is clearly too high a ranking. Even if one ignores the block mixture in Romans, the rest of the text has enough Byzantine readings that it belongs in Category III.
Editions which cite:
Cited in NA26 for Paul.
Cited in NA27 for Paul.
Cited in UBS4 for the Acts and Epistles.
F. J. Leroy, "Le Patmos St. Jean 742 [Gregory 2464]," published in Th. Lefèvre, Zetesis, Bijdragen... aan Prof. Dr. E. de Stijcker, 1973.
Barbara Aland and Klaus Wachtel, "The Greek Minuscule Manuscripts of the New Testament" (translated by Bart D. Ehrman, and appearing in Ehrman & Michael W. Holmes, Eds., The Text of the New Testament in Contemporary Research: Essays on the Status Quaestionis, Eerdmans, 1995) very briefly discusses, with references, the history of 2464 (p. 45).
Sinai. Catalog number: Kathar.-Kloster Gr. 1992.
Originally contained the entire New Testament. A few odd phrases have been lost due to damage over the years. It is written on paper, one column per page.
Dated paleographically to the fourtheenth/fifteenth century.
In the Acts and Epistles, 2495 belongs with the family 2138 text-type (also called family 1611, family 614, Hkgr, etc.; a Greek text related to that also found in the Harklean Syriac; see the entry on 2138). It is particularly close to 1505; if 2495 is not a descendent of 1505, they certainly have a close common ancestor. 2495, however, has noticeably more Byzantine readings than 1505. It preserves few if any family readings not found in 1505.
In the Catholics, 1505 and 2495 form a distinctive subtype within family 2138 (other subgroups being 2138+1611, 614+2412, 630+1799+2200, etc). Some, e.g. Amphoux, have considered this to be residue of the "Western" text. This, however, can be disputed; see the entry on 614.
In Paul, the text of this family is much weaker, and clear representatives are fewer (to my knowledge, only 1505, 1611, 2495, the Harklean Syriac, probably 2005, and parts of 1022).
1505 and 2495 also go together in the Gospels, although there they are Byzantine.
To date, 2495 has not been studied in the Apocalypse. (1505 does not contain that book.)
See also the entry on 1505.
Wisse describes 2495 as Kmix/Kx/Kx, and adds "Kx Cluster 261 in 1 and 10; pair with 1505." Aland and Aland list it as "Category III with reservations, but higher in the Catholic Epistles."
Editions which cite:
Cited in NA26 for the Acts and Epistles.
Cited in UBS3 for the Acts and Epistles.
In NA27 it has been replaced by 1505.
Saint Petersburg. Catalog number: Public Library Gr. 694
2542 contains Matthew with slight lacunae, Mark, and Luke (missing 24:20-end).
Dated paleographically to the twelfth (so SQE13) or thirteenth century (so NA27, Wisse, etc.). 2542 is written on parchment, one column per page.
2542 has only recently come to scholarly attention, and relatively little is known of its text. The Alands classify it as Category III. Wisse lists it as Mixed in Luke 1 and a weak member of Family 1 in Luke 10 and 20.
Both assessments seem to be correct. Spot checks of the Nestle apparatus show 2542 to be much more Byzantine than anything else. In some places (e.g Mark 8) it does appear to have affinities with family 1 (although even here it is more Byzantine than most members of the family); in others (e.g. Mark 1) it seems to be simply a witness with many Byzantine readings and a handful of non-Byzantine variants of no particular type.
Since 2542 lacks the Gospel of John, we cannot tell where it places John 7:53-8:11 (which Family 1, of course, places after John 21:25). Other than that, it generally has the more Byzantine reading at noteworthy points of variation (e.g. it includes Mark 16:9-20 without variant or question; although Family 1 has a note here; 2542 also includes Luke 22:43-44, 23:34, although of course both of these are found in Family 1).
Quite frankly, I do not understand 2542 was included in the NA27 apparatus when manuscripts such as 157, 1071, and 1241 were omitted. It is a useful but not exceptional manuscript.
Editions which cite:
Cited in NA27 for Mark and Luke.
Cited in SQE13 (with no notation in the list of witnesses of any lacunae, indicating that it is cited for all four gospels. Obviously, however, it cannot be cited for John, and a cursory examination of the apparatus to Matthew makes me wonder if it is fully cited for that gospel).